A motion was put to Policy Council in October 2019: “ In view of the Government objective of having 10% of all vehicles in Ireland being zero emission vehicles by 2020 it is proposed that all new public buildings should be required to install free to use electric charging points, with a minimum of 4 parking spaces with two charge points with dual connectors. This applies to all new schools, primary healthcare centres, leisure centres, museums, post offices, garda stations, etc”
I felt this motion neither ambitious or radical enough. Whether 10% EVs by 2020 or 50% EVs by 2030 (Page 88, Climate Action Plan 2019), Ireland’s EV infastructure is woefully behind current demand let alone future demand, apart from the barely adequate infastructure in the Dublin commuter belt, and Cork, Galway and Belfast travel corridors . To meet the Fine Gael 2030 target means selling 100,000 electric cars (EV) every year from 2019 to achieve the trickle-down effect of 50% EV ownership by 2030, an impossible target without the infastructure. Reading the Green Party transport policy, widespread ownership of EVs will be required in the short-term, especially in low density population areas in central and western areas, with several rapid 50 kWh+ EV chargers in every population centre. Slow charging points (3.5 to 22 kWh) are too slow for public use, encouraging all-day blockers. EV owners need a charge as fast as a coffee, burger or comfort break.
Green Party Transport policy principles: Firstly we want to create urban, suburban and rural places that are not dominated by cars. Our policy emphasises public transport for public good; shared transport methods use less energy than individual cars or other vehicles and improve the well-being of commuters. We pay particular attention to the fact that not everyone in our society who wishes to work can afford a private car, and children and many people with disabilities are often excluded. The availability of public transport for activities not connected with work also serves to improve social cohesion. Secondly , commuting needs to be improved, and cities developed in ways that reduce long journeys: our transport policy needs to be linked with planning strategy, so that more people can live closer to their work, or can commute in a reasonable amount of time.
At present, all of Ireland’s oil is imported. Oil imports cost an estimated €4.4 billion in 2014, 77% of the total cost of energy imports (SEAI). The Green Party policy is to phase out fossil fuels, switch public services (buses, coaches and trains) to electrical energy, and eventually run all our transport (cars & trucks, buses & trains), while reducing demand through ‘joined-up’ planning, on domestic wind, water and solar energy, saving Ireland over €4 billion annually. Win Win or What?
When you’re shopping for a fossil-fueled car, you pay attention to distance per litre or mpg. For plug-in vehicles, energy consumption is measured in kilowatt-hours per 100 kilometres/miles (kWh/100 km/miles), such as 15 kWh per 100 km. Fossils need petrol pumps, range is based on size of fuel tank and location of pumps. EVs need EV battery-chargers, range is based on size of battery & speed of chargers. Energy is stored in the battery as DC, low-speed (1-22 kWh) pumps deliver AC energy which the cars’ on-board converter converts to DC, so it is slow, hours or overnight home chargers. A fast, rapid or High Performance (HPC) (50-350 kWh) pump delivers energy as DC so it goes straight to battery, meaning quicker with less time stopped, maybe time for a coffee, burger or comfort break. The quickest HPC pumps, with suitable cars, provide a charge to 80% in minutes; over 80%, all pumps slow to avoid damaging the battery. Time is Money!
Many delegates to The Green Party Convention spoke strongly that reliance by Governments and politicans on the capitalist market forces and consumers to meet the challenges of Climate Change would not only fail but accelerate the impending end of life as we know it. After all, the IPCC say we only have twelve or less years to start making the Government-sized decisions that might save our live on the Earth. Even Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, intends to put forward a plan towards a reduction of , not 30%, not 40% BUT 55% of greenhouse gases by 2030. Get your finger out LEO!!!!!
The Swedish thinker and writer Gunnar Rundgren believes that ‘competition, not consumption, drives global destruction. As new ideas and inventions enter the market, for a time a company can have real growth both in production and labor because the total production increases a lot quicker than the labor productivity. Sooner or later markets get saturated and the pressure of competition increases. Companies have to focus more on marketing, productivity and lower costs. Those made redundant through rationalization get a job in a new growing industry and the story is repeated. Increased productivity also leads to increased wages and in combination with lower prices to a tremendous growth in consumption.
“There is really no way around this on an aggregate level. And it explains very well why total resource use is increasing despite all advances in efficiency. For companies in competitive markets, it is really not possible to stand still producing the same product. Customers change slowly, but you have to increase productivity and innovate in order to survive. And capital owners of various sorts will demand rent on their invested capital or reschedule it to other businesses. It is all part and parcel of the capitalist market economy. Some argue that a non-capitalist market economy would be different, but I (Gunnar) have as yet not seen any convincing theory for how such a society would look like and there are no relevant historical examples to look at either. ‘ Increases in labor productivity through competition lead to increased use of resources and increased consumption through cheaper goods. “
“The real driver of economic growth and resource use can be found in the conditions of production, and there, consumer demand plays a minor role. Calls for green growth or sustainable consumption will not change these fundamental conditions. Radical cuts in individual consumption, incomes and wage labor can change the game however.”
By now, most environmentalists have come across the term circular economy.
It’s sexy, it’s cool, and it makes us feel like we can have our cake
and eat it too—as long as the cake is made of sustainably grown
ingredients, cooked and transported with renewable energy, and any
leftover cake is composted to enable the making of future cakes.
But advocates of the circular economy rarely grapple with a central truth: the circular economy depends on a significant and sustained period of economic degrowth. Instead they tend to focus on innovations that deliver efficiencies and unlock new economic opportunities.
But the global data reveal this isn’t enough. According to the ecological footprint, globally we’re using the resources of 1.6 planets. The USA uses 5 Earths; Ireland, Russia, Germany use 3.2 Earths; countries like Iraq, Educador & Indonesia use a fraction over 1 Earth. This calculation is probably an understatement because it is based on a few measureable annual statistics and doesn’t count the degradation of soils, water contamination or the effects of species decline (like the humble honey bee). This is undermining Earth’s systems and the ability of humans (and countless other species) to survive and thrive. To get back within planetary limits, we will need to shrink the global economy by at least 37 percent – and realistically by much more in some countries if we expect to start healing the decades’ worth of damage our overconsumption has wreaked on the planet.
Degrowth acknowledges this, but Circular Economy advocates and designers tend to ignore or deny this reality. But shrinking material and energy demand is a prerequisite for a circular economy that functions within Earth’s limits.
There are at least three reasons for this. First, if production levels rise as a result of circular innovations, environmental savings are negated by new production–a phenomenon called the rebound effect. Second, the circular economy’s increased reliance on bio-based materials would utilize already overtaxed agricultural and ecological capacity. Third, energy is never free. Even renewable energy brings with it significant ecological impacts. Until we right-size the global economy, we’re going to need a prolonged period of degrowth.
Thus if the circular economy is serious about making human civilization truly sustainable and meeting the Paris Climate Accord of 1.5 max global warming, it needs to marry degrowth. So what can we do? – The top four widely applicable high-impact (i.e. low emissions) actions with the potential to contribute to systemic change and substantially reduce annual personal emissions: having one fewer child (an average for developed countries of 58.6 tonnes CO2-equivalent (tCO2e) emission reductions per year), living car-free (2.4 tCO2e saved per year), avoiding airplane travel (1.6 tCO2e saved per roundtrip transatlantic flight) and eating a plant-based diet (0.8 tCO2e saved per year).
These actions have much greater potential to reduce emissions than commonly promoted strategies like comprehensive recycling (four times less effective than a plant-based diet) or changing household lightbulbs (eight times less). (Environmental Research Letters, Volume 12, Number 7); some people will work less, either shorter weeks or longer holidays, for less income once essentials were covered; reduce unnecessary travel if we can walk, cycle or use public transport, car share or use electric taxis by living near our schools or work or public transport; eating less processed and more locally grown food while avoiding food-waste; demanding our suppliers provide longterm sustainable solutions for our needs. By reducing our demands on the Earth, we help ourselves.
By marrying these two concepts in a Spiral Economy, we get a better understanding of both the journey and the destination. Degrowth is a process not an end. The circular economy—at a much smaller throughput—is the destination. As our economy shrinks, revolution after revolution, we spiral down and eventually reach the goal—a smaller and circular economy. Visualizing this, one could call the marriage of these two concepts the “Spiral Economy.”
With limited resources, government policies should prioritize curbing growth first and foremost: shortening the work week; enabling more people to lead sufficiency lifestyles in the informal, or what Juliet Schor calls the plenitude economy; and providing the basic public goods (such as local & distant public transit, libraries, and even the humble drinking fountain) that discourage more ecologically-costly private consumption. These are good places to start.
Personnally, I believe that a mixture of individual choices, government decisions and technological innovations will save civilisation, but in the next 50/100 years global life will become less predictable with unknown consequences – out of & in-season floods, droughts, heatwaves, fires, snows, frosts, population movement, wars and violence. Thank God we live on an island in the Atlantic warmed by the Gulf Stream, but ………………………….?
“I want each member of the community and consideration for the environment placed at the centre of every decision taken by local and national governments”
TIME TO RENEW The Promise of EUROPE
CIARAN CUFFE MEP is the Green Party’s winning candidate for the European elections in Dublin
“I want to work with our European neighbours to make Dublin the best city in Europe for living, working, and raising a family. That means taming the traffic, providing decent housing that people can afford, creating quality jobs and ensuring we’ve clean air, parks and play spaces.”
Watching Dr Edward Cameron speak at the annual EPA lecture in the Mansion House, Dublin on Friday 17th May brought home some uncomfortable facts to me. To my mind, Ireland has generally been an equal opportunity country, with talent and determination (and maybe luck) anyone can be anything. And is this being replicated around the world?
“Not so”, says Dr Cameron, and he has the statistics and reasons to prove that Ireland is a rarity in equal opportunity, and these inequalities may cost us the World. On average more women died in 121 natural disasters (floods, typhoons) between 1981 and 2002 than men, and more poor and coloured women than white women.
Women are less valued than men in many societies and cultures despite working harder; two-thirds of illiterate people in the world are women resulting in lower skill levels, less access to justice, and decision-making groups; many girls never learn to climb trees or leave their home, women never leave homes without a male guardian, always stay behind to mind children, elderly parents and disabled; men own the mobile phones and get the first warning. The list goes on and on. More than 150 countries actively discriminate against women.
Gender perspective plans are urgently needed for resilience building to address the multiple, over-lapping and mutually reinforcing structural inequalities, power dynamics and social and cultural expectations that create the day-to-day reality for women in every community around the world. Women best know what women need. And these plans are essential to minimise the worst effects of Climate Change.
That is why the Green Party promotes equal opportunity for everyone, and why I’m asking you to give your #1 vote to your Green Party candidate, whether woman or man – For Europe: Saoirse McHugh (Midland-North West), Grace O’Sullivan (South) and Ciaran Cuffe (Dublin) and For the DSC City Locals: Sophie Nicoullard (Ballyfermot Drimnagh), Michael Pidgeon (Dublin SW Inner City) and Cllr Patrick Costello (Kimmage Rathmines) –
It’s a rountable discussion and food workshop with Sophie, chef Domini Kemp, cheesemonger Seamus Sheridan, Gary Jones from St Ultans Primary School in Cherry Orchard, food researcher Deitmar Weiss and Roisin Nic Coil from Community Supported Agriculture Ireland to talk about planting the seeds of a better food future .
Come along. Ask questions. Share your ideas. Get involved. Let’s grow food communities
Ireland is a small island off the European continent. It should be a nimble, mobile energy market. What we do may not change the world, but it will make us ready. Ireland has few large corporate energy users – Intel, Aughinish Aluminum, Dublin Airport, but thousands of other points of varied demand, in scattered factories, hospitals, warehouses, farms and offices with millions of homes. We don’t want to lose anyone in the walk to 2050, but what preparations are we, as people and through our elected representatives, as a country making in preparation for a low, intermittent energy supply and all that it means? Brexit might be an early warning as so much fresh food from the Med, the EU comes by truck through Britain. Reminder of WWII and the citrus fruit trade by boat with Portugal!
Even without the 2050 date, the eventual decline in fossil hydrocarbon flows, and the inability of renewables to fully substitute, will create a deficiency of energy (for food & transport) to power bloated urban cities and require a shift of human populations back to the countryside. In short, the future is rural (farming). Download : https://www.postcarbon.org/publications/the-future-is-rural/
Ireland has a long history of ‘stop-go’ knee-jerk, muddled short-lived initiatives. Can our central and local governments debate and agree a 30-year plan now in 2019 ? Can our politicians set aside funding and the will to carry it out? The Irish Times on 5th March highlights an elderly family living in deplorable conditions in Crumlin because their pension is €9 above the maximum allowed by the box-tickers in Social Welfare supports. Are we really ‘the greatest little country in the world’?
The time has come to stand up for our futures and for the future our planet. To stand with us and other environmental groups at Dublin’s iconic Dead Zoo, Merrion Street on November 17th – Rebellion Day 2-3pm.
As Eamon writes “We can no longer accept our government’s continued apathy towards environmental issues, in the face of report after report outlining in no uncertain terms the far-reaching ramifications of climate breakdown and the devastating levels of destruction being wrought on our planet.
We are in the midst of an extinction crisis. Humanity has wiped out 60% of animal populations since 1970. Our climate is becoming more unstable due to our continued dependence on fossil fuels, driving even more species closer to the brink and threatening our own species too. We cannot stand idly by as ecosystems collapse and our life-support is switched off. There is no planet B.
And yet, less than one month after the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that humanity has less than 12 years to stop dangerous, runaway climate breakdown, and just ONE DAY after the World Wildlife Fund study revealed that humans have caused a 60% decline in wildlife populations since 1970, Fine Gael expressed their ongoing commitment to oil and gas exploration.
This is a government who have resisted calls for emergency climate measures, stalled on action on microbeads, blocked measures to reduce the tide of plastic waste, and introduced harmful measures that extend the hedge-cutting and upland burning seasons – all the while claiming that tackling climate change is their number one priority. Retrograde measures, failure to protect our wildlife and biodiversity, failure to climate-proof the National Development plan, combined with ongoing climate inaction – it’s time to act.
Join us to highlight the extinction crisis and demand climate action. If you are fearful, if you are frustrated, if you’ve had enough, take this opportunity to express yourself and to get climate action on the political agenda. Time is running out.
This will be a welcoming and family friendly event, open to anyone who cares about life on earth!
No connection but related to the EPA lecture of 6th Nov which could be summarised by the remark ‘that when the daytime temperature is 40/50 degrees Centigrade, people sweat and must drink fluid to live; if there is none, people fight and die’.
There are two types of people in Ireland. One type is Gaelic and Ulster-Scots, religious, traditional and insular – our way or no way. Second type is people who want a progressive modern republic taking advantage of new ideas and thought. Some political parties are into opaque politics, ‘Whatever you’re having yourself’.
Minister of State for Rural Affairs and Natural Resource, Seán Canney TD, Independent TD, opened the 2018 Atlantic Ireland Conference at the Clayton Hotel, Burlington Road last week. Included in his speech are the lines “Let me turn to the Climate Emergency Measures Bill, which proposes, in effect, to stop future oil and gas licensing offshore Ireland. Whilst no doubt well-intentioned, the Bill will do nothing to reduce our use of oil or gas, it will do nothing to help us reduce our greenhouse gas emissions, and it will do nothing to help us meet our 2020 and 2030 energy and climate targets. Instead, it proposes simply to bind us to only importing our future oil or gas needs.” Sounds old-style Fianna Fail. Read his speech in full here.
Just what is this Fine Gael/’Old Men’ government doing to prepare Ireland for the future? Why not look at developments outside the ‘door’? Whatever about Climate Change/ Species Extinction/ New Technology some people would rather keep to old dirty polluting ideas – hear nothing, see nothing, do nothing!
Eight days earlier, Denmark, Japan, the Netherlands and the United Arab Emirates joined over 50 leaders committed to circular economy impact by joining the Platform for Accelerating the Circular Economy (PACE). PACE is fast-tracking circular economy solutions to pressing environmental challenges, from electronic waste to plastic pollution. An immediate response is to consider the end use of every item one purchases – is it re-usable, recyclable, resalable, adaptable, easy to dismantle? Do I really need it?
China leapfrogged from the bicycle age to the automobile age in just 20 years. Before 1994, most people in China were still getting around on bicycles. Fast forward 15 years, and China had dislodged the U.S. to become the world’s largest car market – with 13.6 million in unit sales per year. Now, China’s automotive market is leapfrogging into to the age of the electric vehicle. By 2015, there were more than 20 different models of EVs being sold in China. Last year, over 777,000 EVs were sold in China. That was a 53 percent jump from the previous year. Overall, China now accounts for two-thirds of global sales of EVs. (By comparison, Europe is behind but manufacturers are slowly catching up. Ireland with 0.3% of China population, a grand total of 1811 BEVs (new and used) registered so far this year, and we could reach 2000 units by the end of the year, % are similar to China.) courtesy Irish EV Owners
The Chinese government wants electric vehicles to account for 10 percent of total vehicle sales in the country by 2020, and 20 percent by 2025. (Like Fine Gae aspire to, but what is the Government of Ireland doing to match EU targets?) This network will include up to 500,000 public charging stations and cover residential areas, business districts, public spaces and inter-city highways. As of last year, China already had 214,000 charging stations installed. That was an increase of 51 percent from 2016. So they’re on track to reach their goal.
(ESB have about 800 slowish (1 hour to overnight) charge points (not stations). On-street 22Kw dual point (max 80 miles of range per hour) which they may upgrade to add to 70 public Fast Charging points (43Kw, advertised as 20-60+ minutes to 80% depending on state and size of battery capacity – time for coffee/lunch/rest/shopping/toilet break). Not as fast as the best, nor the exclusive 120Kw Superchargers (off-street, multi point, 24/7) for Tesla EVs, 150miles per 30 minutes! The largest Tesla Supercharger station in Nebbenes, Norway has 30 charging points now, and will have 44, Superchargers; a single charging station with almost as many points as Ireland in a country with a population of 5.2 million people!
The Chinese government will also require new residential complexes to build charging points or assign space for them. At least 10 percent of public parking will need to have charging facilities. In 2016, China’s Traffic Management Bureau introduced “green license plates” to differentiate EVs from normal petrol-powered vehicles. Cars with these green license plates enjoy preferential policies. These include exemptions from measures that ban the use of cars to one day each week. In some selected cities, green license plate vehicles can use the bus lane during rush hour. Probably the most effective support for EVs is the vehicle quota system. It was implemented in heavily congested cities in 2011. Not everyone who wants a petrol/diesel-powered car in China can just buy one and start driving it. In Beijing, for instance, the government is limiting the number of new petrol-powered cars to hit the streets to just 40,000 a year.
This dissuades consumers from buying a petrol-fuelled car and encourages them to buy an electric vehicle instead. EVs have a much higher quota (and sometimes no quota at all) than petrol-fuelled cars. And of course, government-backed discounts can be as much as 40 percent of the sticker price. With such strong government support, a booming network of charging stations and competitive prices, it’s almost a certainty that EV sales in China will continue to soar. (China is a major vehicle manufacturer, in addition to being an importer.)
I attended a Stop Climate Chaos/350.org meeting recently. A topic caught my attention ‘Are we all climate change deniers?’ Closer to believing Trump’s beautiful MAGA world for winners behind walls while ignoring Brussel’s eco-socialist Europe attempt to save the world. Ignorance & over-reliance on unknown & unbuilt technologies, hope for a few vs despair for the vulnerable.
To quote from 350.org: “Even if we do manage to keep 80% of fossil fuels in the ground, a world that’s 2°C warmer is going to be a much different, scarier place. We’re only at +1°C now, and we’re already seeing more storms, flooding, heatwaves, drought, and island nations at risk of going underwater. +2°C is going to mean a lot of human suffering, and tremendous damage to the planet.”
To quote from the EPA website: “Fossil fuels accounted for 77 per cent of all energy used in Ireland in 2015 with oil continuing to be the dominant energy source in 2015, with a share of 57 per cent.” The European Commission is looking at ways to make the European economy more climate-friendly and less energy-consuming, suggesting that: by 2050, the EU members should cut greenhouse gas emissions to 80% below 1990 levels. Milestones to achieve this are 40% emissions cuts by 2030 and 60% by 2040. All sectors need to contribute.
The Irish government sustainable targets are way out the window. Instead of a 20% reduction from 1990 figures by 2020, Ireland is 20% over and climbing, which makes a 40% reduction by 2030 almost impossible. Cutting 80% of current demand in 32 years!! It is essential to accept that all future development will be limited by climate change targets.EU growth policy will switch to circular, sustainable systems. It is unclear how Brexit and EU-tariffs will impact on the ‘just-in-time’ supply network for Irish supermarkets from British suppliers and manufacturers and visa-versa This might be the next economic crash.
For example, do we need another runway at Dublin airport by 2030 if flying becomes unacceptable or population is decentralised? Spending a fortune on piping water from the Shannon to Dublin rather than minimising leaks and increasing efficiency in a smaller city? Dredging Dublin Bay and adapting the port to accommodate massive cruise-liners so 4,000 people can spend 8 hours in Dublin city? Building highways for commuters to Dublin when government policy is to develop the secondary cities, reduce fossil fuel sales, increase rail travel and control electricity demand? Is this the last gasp of intensive fossil fuel burning, greenhouse gas emitting capitalism to take profits from the public purse? Like a dying wasp sucks juice from a withering peach before a 100-year winter?
Future housing across Ireland must be in livable neighborhoods where people can ‘work, rest and play’ with safe cycling, walking, a few electric/hydrogen cars, local bus routes and Dial a Taxi for the infirm, intensive food growing on city edges, local processing and home-delivery by bicycle or electric van. Governments will have to balance decarbonisation, degrowth, decentralisation and possibly lower tax revenue with maintaining the quality of life. Finding ways to do more with less, for all, less cars & planes and more trains.
The Dublin Bus area plan building a network of “next generation” bus corridors on the busiest bus routes using ‘hubs’ and ‘crossing routes’ to make bus journeys faster, predictable and reliable; completely redesigning the network of bus routes to provide a more efficient network, connecting more places and carrying more passengers. In theory it is a good idea taking some of the cross-city bus fleet away from O’Connell Street, adding an orbital route (Line O) around the North and South Circular Roads, ‘Park & Ride’ and feeding passengers to/from existing Luas stations My questions are: will all be ready before the ‘next generation’ starts (road-widening, electronic signing, union recognition, shelters, etc), does it meet future needs for a car-free city, or will it be a waste of money with too many empty buses?
Harold’s Cross. Between the A and F spines, an additional radial is needed solely to serve the segment of Harold’sCross Road between Harold’s Cross and Terenure. Route 16 is retained for this purpose, operating every 20 minutes allday and every 10 minutes at peak times. Beyond Terenure this route resembles the current 15b route to Stocking Ave. Kimmage, Perrystown, Greenhills. The F spine, branching at Kimmage, provides direct city service to most of these areas,supplemented by one branch of the D spine. Note that the F1and F2 provide 15 minutes service when together, 30 when apart (10 minutes and 20 minutes respectively at peak times).This area currently has a range of frequencies in the 15-30minute range. We standardise these to 15 or 30, with 15 minute service focused on the places of highest demand. Kildare Road, Clogher Road, Donore Ave. This segment of today’s Route 150 has relatively low demand, and parts of itsservice area can also walk to the D spine or the new orbitalLine O. A half-hourly radial, Route 20, is proposed. The route continues to Tallaght. Crumlin Road, Cork St. The D spine replaces the three main overlapping routes (27, 77a, 151) on this segment, to deliver aconsistent 5 minute frequency out to Crumlin Hospital. Fromthere, the main branches are D2 toward Tallaght (like existing 27) and D3 toward Clondalkin, both every 15 minutes. A smallbranch D4, every 30 minutes, assists in covering parts ofPerrystown. Kilmainham, Rialto, Inchicore, Islandbridge. This is a very complex area where the street pattern and natural barriersdefeat all reasonable routing schemes. We sought to reducethe tangle of current routes to create simple frequent patterns, even if people had to walk slightly further to them. The G Spine, every 7.5 minutes, follows Emmet Road through this area, like existing Route 40. The addition of the orbital Line O and Route S2 provide frequent service to Rialto and the area west of St. James’ Hospital, replacing the need for today’s Route 123. Instead, a new Route 22 would serve the area westof Suir, but then continuing north via Islandbridge to Heuston and the northern edge of the city centre. Three short segments in this area currently receive bus service along Mourne Road, Keeper Road, and a portion of SouthCircular Road, but all are within easy walking distance of Luasor other frequent routes in the proposed network.
Housing: We are in favour of the cost-rental model for immediate housing in the Inchicore and across Ireland, where people can work, rest & play, close to family and friends. Large, friendly, low-level apartments with amenities. Cost of buying means young working families from the area need years of saving to buy city homes, so instead buy in Laois and commute for hours each day which negates every ‘better life policy’. The existing Red Luas line (Tallaght to The Point) allows easy access to good jobs in James’s, manufacturing, hospitality and retail. The shops, museums, cafes, the schools and sports clubs need young people living in the neighbourhood to create a vibrant society.